Rome is the capital of Italy, also the country’s largest and most populated comune and fourth-most populous city in the European Union. The Metropolitan City of Rome has a population of 4.3 million residents. The city is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of Tiber River. Vatican City is an independent country within the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city: for this reason Rome has been often defined as capital of two states. It is referred to as “Roma Aeterna” (The Eternal City) and “Caput Mundi” (Capital of the World), two central notions in ancient Roman culture. One of the most important city, Rome, was founded in 753 B.C. by Romulus. The Apennine Mountains form its “backbone” and stretch from north to south, with the Tiber River cutting through them in central Italy. Along the northern border, the Alps serve as a natural boundary. The three major bodies of water surrounding Italy are the Adriatic Sea, the Ionian Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea. Ancient Rome is characterized by the seven hills and the Tiber River. The Tiber River flows from the Apennine Mountain, to the Tyrrhenian Sea.
Rome is a sprawling, cosmopolitan city with nearly 3,000 years of globally influential art, architecture and culture on display. In 2005, the city received 19.5 million global visitors, up of 22.1% from 2001. Rome ranked in 2014 as the 14thmos-visited city in the world, 3rd most visited in the European Union, and the most popular tourist attraction in Italy. Its historic center is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. Monuments and museums such as the Vatican Museums and the Colosseum are among the world’s most visited tourist destinations with both locations receiving millions of tourists a year. The weather is fantastic in Rome in October, when the average temperature starts off at around 20°C and gradually climbs up to 18°C-23°C as the month progresses.
Italy has a large and international network of public and state affiliated universities and schools offering degrees in higher education. State-run universities of Italy constitute the main percentage of tertiary education in Italy, and are managed under the supervision of Italian's Ministry of Education. Italian universities are among the oldest universities in the world.
Population: The population within the city limits of Rome, Italy is estimated at 2.8 million as of 2014.Italy’s major cities in terms of population are Rome, which had 3.3 million residents as of 2011, Milan, Naples, Turin, Palermo and Bergamo.
Culture: Rome has been a centre for music with a thriving musicscene as it houses some prestigious music conservatories. It is one of the most popular cities for tourism for it archaeological and artistic treasures, views and unique traditions.
Food: Roman artichokes are world famous dish.Cacio e Pepe and Da Danilo are the famous pasta dishes found in Rome. Culinary traditions stemming from cucina povera, or “peasant cuisine,” can be found across Italy.The city is known as a centre of white wine, especially with the warm territory.